Internet of Things

There are various definitions of the Internet of Things (IoT). The Internet Engineering Task Force says Internet of Things’ basic idea is to connect electronical and non-electronical objects to provide seamless communication and contextual services by them through e.g. RFID tags, sensors, actuators or mobile phone. The latter is related to the term “things”. The term “Internet” considers the TCP/IP suite and non-TCP/IP suite at the same time. [1]
Driven by the internet of things, a new computing model – edge computing – is currently evolving, which involves extending data processing to the edge of a network in addition to computing in a cloud or a central data centre. [2]
On a local level, physical objects are cross-linked through an edge computing layer, which ensures user data privacy. On a global level, edge computing services and applications are networked on a cloud computing layer. Edge computing and cloud computing constitute the logical levels on which digital services and applications in context of the Internet of Things could be implemented. [3]
Furthermore, IoT is closely linked with the term “Industry 4.0”, which was first used in Germany in 2016 to describe the next level of industrial production and uses smart objects and cyber physical systems within the Internet of Things. 4.0 can thus be seen as the next wave of industrial revolution.


[1]    Minerva, R., Biro, A., Rotondi, D. (2015), Towards a definition of the Internet of Things (IoT),, retrieved March 6, 2018.
[2]    International Electrotechnical Commission (2017), Edge intelligence,, retrieved February 26, 2018.
[3]    Heidrich, M., Luo, J. (2016), Industrial Internet of Things: Referenzarchitektur für die Kommunikation,, retrieved February 27, 2018.
Trend tendency (Frequency of related scientific publications)
Trend tendency (absolute frequency of related scientific publications)
Trend tendency in categories (absolute frequency of related scientific publications)
Type of content:
Type of trend:
Assessment matrix
 Agenda SettingPolicy Design and AnalysisPolicy ImplementationPolicy Monitoring and Evaluation
Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry & Foods
Economy & Finance
Education, Youth, Culture & Sport
Employment & Social Security
Environment & Energy
Foreign Affairs and Defence
Justice, Legal System & Public Safety
Public Affairs
Innovation, Science & Technology
Urban Planning & Transport
Institutional Questions / Internal Affairs


Internet of Things is an emerging trend, and a big part of current but also future research topics. It is nice to see it included as a trend that could affect how the public sector will operate.

IoT as a trend from the industry also has implications for the public sector, with great benefits in the area of Smart City and Transportation. Accordingly, IoT should not be kept solely in mind as a trend for the manufacturing industry but also for the public sector. 

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