Privacy by Design

Privacy by design is an approach that promotes privacy and data protection compliance throughout the whole system engineering process. The Information & Privacy Commissioner of Ontario has taken a leading role in developing the privacy by design concept, establishing a reference framework of “Seven foundational principles of privacy by design” with respect to a proactive, transparent and user-centric engineering process. [1][2]
The 7 principles are:
•    Proactive not Reactive; Preventative not Remedial
•    Privacy as the Default setting
•    Privacy Embedded into Design
•    Full Functionality – Positive-Sum, not Zero-Sum
•    End-to-End Security – Full Lifecycle Protection
•    Visibility and Transparency – Keep it Open
•    Respect for User Privacy – Keep it User-Centric


[1]    Informations Commisioner´s Office (n.d.), Privacy by design,, retrieved January 25, 2018.
[2]    Cavoukian, A. (2006), Privacy by Design. The 7 Foundational Principles,, retrieved January 25, 2018.
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