The term Open Data means that data and content can be freely used, modified and shared by anyone for any purpose. Open Data is accessible for everyone and useable without any restrictions. [1]
Open Government Data refers to the wide range of information that public sector bodies collect, produce, reproduce and disseminate while accomplishing their institutional tasks. [2]
There are several governmental Open Data initiatives with the aim to publish different kinds of data, (geographic, financial, statistics, election results, legal acts, data on health , transportation and so on) in order to increase transparency and collaboration among sectorial and departmental boundaries. The European Open Data Portal for instance is available since 2016, harvesting the metadata available on public data and geospatial portal across European countries. [3]

 

[1]    Open Definition (n.d.), Open Definition 2.1, http://opendefinition.org/od/2.1/en/, retrieved February 28, 2018.
[2]    European Data Portal (2018), Open Data in a nutshell,  https://www.europeandataportal.eu/en/providing-data/goldbook/open-data-nutshell, retrieved February 28, 2018.
[3]    European Data Portal (2016), Understanding the European Data Portal, https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/edp_factsheet_portal_architecture_online.pdf, retrieved February 27, 2018.
Trend tendency (relative frequency of related scientific publications)
Relative frequecies of Open Data related publications
Public Sector Relevance (relative frequency of related scientific publications)
Trend Public Sector Relevance of Open Data related publications
Big data potential
No
Type of content:
Trends
Type of trend:
Assessment matrix
 Agenda SettingPolicy Design and AnalysisPolicy ImplementationPolicy Monitoring and Evaluation
Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry & Foods
Economy & Finance
Education, Youth, Culture & Sport
Employment & Social Security
Environment & Energy
Health
Foreign Affairs and Defence
Justice, Legal System & Public Safety
Public Affairs
Innovation, Science & Technology
Urban Planning & Transport
Institutional Questions / Internal Affairs

Comments

The Greek Police publishes statistics on crime rates every year. In the Excel file there used to be a comparison with previous years. When there was a jump in crime rates, they stopped adding the comparison and no one bothered to do it themselves to report it in the media. The government will say that they still publish the same data, but in reality they make it more difficult to use them.

Making the data available may be important for researchers who may extrapolate trends and correlations, but it is as important to be doing these analyses for publishing the data in the first place.

Moreover, selecting which data to publish and which not should be as difficult as possible for governments, otherwise they would be able to only publish the ones that shows them in a favourable light.

The fact, that data can be abused, is for sure one of the biggest risks when thinking about modern data based decisions and evidence based policies

One option to prevent policy makers from statistical fakes could be the regulation of these aspects. We have an interesting article in our Knowledge Base about algorithmic regulation.

Open data is a real pain-point, even in 2018… The numerous announcements and much money spent globally should have already implemented this trend. At least the mappings found in this knowledge base can serve as a starting points for the upcoming initiatives.